Treating gingivitis, inflammation of the gums

bleeding gums treating gingivitis

Several types of pathology can occur in the oral cavity. Among them is gingivitis. In other words, inflammation of the gums. If not treated in time, it can progressively develop into periodontal disease, periodontitis. HELVIDENT explains how to treat gingivitis.

The main symptoms of gingivitis

Normally, healthy gums are firm and pale pink. If they turn red and appear irritated or swollen, you're probably suffering from gingivitis. Gingivitis is a common inflammation of the mucous membranes surrounding the teeth. It is often accompanied by bleeding during brushing and bad breath. This is the first stage of gum disease.

What causes gingivitis?

The main cause of gingivitis is dental plaque, which accumulates on tooth surfaces. This colorless, sticky film is made up of acids, sugars, bacteria and salivary proteins. If not properly removed during daily brushing, it hardens into tartar. This then attacks the gums, causing inflammation.

Nevertheless, gingivitis can occur even if you have perfect oral hygiene. In fact, certain factors can predispose you to gum disease. These include genetic factors linked to your family history. Certain medications and incorrectly fitted dentures can also be responsible for gum inflammation.

In addition, the pregnant women are subject to hormonal changes that favor the appearance of plaque and inflammation. There are toothpastes specially designed for use during pregnancy.

Diagnosing and treating gingivitis

Think you may be suffering from gingivitis? Make an appointment with your dentist in Lausanne, Fribourg or Aigle. Only a doctor trained in oral care can diagnose gum disease. He will first examine your mouth thoroughly and ask you a few questions. If necessary, the professional will take an X-ray to detect any spread of inflammation to the jawbone. 

In its early stages, gingivitis can be treated with homeopathy and without surgery. If periodontal disease develops, it worsens and can lead to tooth loss.

How can gum inflammation be prevented?

The dentists of our dental clinics in Lausanne, Fribourg and Aigle share their recommendations for avoiding gingivitis:

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day for at least two minutes.
  • Use dental floss or an interdental brush to remove debris lodged between teeth.
  • No smoking.
  • Limit consumption of sugary drinks, alcohol and acidic foods.
  • If necessary, use a mouthwash to treat gingivitis.
  • Consult your dentist regularly.

The HELVIDENT dental practice team includes many dentists. They include specialists in periodontics, dental implants, surgery and orthodontics. Contact us to make an appointment at our dental clinic in Fribourg, Aigle or Lausanne.